* Unclear development objectives
According to experts, although Vietnam aims to become a strong country in the marine economy by 2020, the way to achieve that goal is unclear. With the goal of marine economy contributing to 50% of GDP by 2020, "green economy" development is an indispensable trend of the marine economy of Vietnam. However, the challenges to the marine economy in general and the "green sea economy" in particular are still huge.
Former Vice Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Chu Pham Ngoc Hien said that the development of "green sea economy" in our country is facing ocean acidification, unsustainabledevelopment of fisheries and aquaculture, pollution and waste, loss of habitat, reduction in biodiversity and exotic species; negative impacts on marine ecosystems, marine protected areas of coastal industrial production and marine resources exploitationactivities.
Affirming his situation, Assoc. Professor Dr. Nguyen Chu Hoi - National University of Hanoi said that the marine biodiversity and marine resources of Vietnam is declining, the key marine ecosystemsare degraded, the key natural coastal habitats is lost or shrunk (about 60%) ...
In particular, according to Prof. Dr. Nguyen Mai - Chairman of the Association of Foreign Investment Enterprises, the "green economy" of our country faces significant challenges due to climate change unless there areeffective solutions to prevention.
* More comprehensive planning needed
Chu Pham Ngoc Hien stressed that in order to achieve the objectives of the Vietnam Sea Strategy by 2020 and create a "green economy", Vietnam must strive to build a modern industry; to develop an efficient and sustainable sea economy with international integration capability, to applyintegrated method ofmarine spacemanagement and ensure the security of the sea sovereignty.
The most important of the path to "green economy" development of our country is to develop a comprehensive marine space development plan based on advanced science with the participation and coordination of the parties involved on both national and regional scale. Planning not only focuses on exploiting existing potentials, but also on conservation in order to better exploitation of potential in the future.
However, Assoc. Professor Dr. Nguyen The Chinh, Director of the Institute for Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment, MONRE said that Vietnam's sea development strategy is not well-planned. The plans are only available in small studies with overlapping.
"Therefore, marine planning needs to reconsider the priority issues, which need to be done first, which need to be done later. We need to focus on the exploitation of seafood -which is the strength of Vietnam. Which industries need to be focused and we also need to promote the exploitation of resources under the seabed," said Assoc. Professor Dr. Nguyen The Chinh.
From this fact, the Government has assigned the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment to draft the Master Plan for Marine Use of Vietnam by 2050 and the Implementation Plan for 2017-2025. The ministry has now completed and submitted to the Prime Minister for the National Assembly’s approval of the master plan.
The Marine UsePlanning of Vietnam is based on the principle of ensuring the sustainable use of the sea and islands under the sovereignty, sovereign rights and jurisdiction of Vietnam, on the basis of a harmonious combination of economicinterests, environmental protection and national security and defense.
The objectives of the plan are to create marine space for sustainable exploitation and use of marine resources and marine economic development; adjust the development planning of marine economic sectors and the socio-economic development planning of coastal cities and provinces; complete the establishment of coastal protection corridors in all marine areas; provide detailed zoning of coastal and marine areas; strengthen the marine protected area system